Women in Love
by Emily Condon
The Jane Austen Book Club
Dir. Robin Swicord, U.S., Sony Pictures Classics
Films fail for all kinds of reasonsâ€”theyâ€™re shot poorly, the CG looks shoddy, the romantic leads canâ€™t generate chemistry. Self-sabotage, however, isnâ€™t commonly blamed. But to the extent that Robin Swicordâ€™s The Jane Austen Book Club falls short, itâ€™s hard not to wonder whether that could be the culprit. Of course, itâ€™s wildly presumptuous to suggest that Swicordâ€™s culpability is in any way intentional (consciously or not), but the filmâ€™s most significant failings are so alike, and so avoidable, that itâ€™s a tempting proposition. I should offer one qualifier here: I havenâ€™t read the Karen Joy Fowler book from which the film is adapted. Yet the problems elucidated below are of such a distinctly cinematic nature that I feel confident in laying them at the filmâ€™s doorstep.
Throughout The Jane Austen Book Club, a clear, if bewildering blueprint emerges. It goes something like this: an emotional arc starts to swell, the action nears climax, and then just before it gets there, the camera cuts to something whimsical or silly. Repeatedly executing this pattern, Swicord (who wrote and directed) undercuts nearly every scene that has the potential to resonate deeply just before the moment where catharsis would (i.e. could) occur. In this sense, it recalls the TV show Law & Orderâ€”but that showâ€™s frequent cuts to intertitles (accompanied by those two now famous notes) just before the emotions peak, one could argue, transfer the power of whatâ€™s onscreen into the viewerâ€™s imagination. The Jane Austen Book Club, in contrast, doesnâ€™t exactly interrupt the cruxes of its most powerful sequencesâ€”rather it just diverts attention away by cutting to a gag. While this technique suggests a stab at â€ślightness,â€ť it results in a sensation thatâ€™s closer to â€ślite.â€ť The characters are all likable, thanks largely to the actorsâ€™ vivacious performances, but our interest flags as the picture repeatedly demonstrates its lack of concern or comfort with delving beneath their surfaces.
As the narrative begins, we find a small assembly, comprised of a few of our protagonists and a handful of others, clad in black and clustered around an open grave. A clergyman offers a funereal tribute, and lovely Jocelyn (Maria Bello) borders on hysteria. We get a closer look at the rest of the mourners, who look somewhat less bereaved. The camera then slowly pans right to expose an ornately framed portrait of the deceasedâ€¦who happens to be a Rhodesian Ridgeback. Which is a fancy way of saying a dog. The only thing missing is the rim shot.
After the funeral, weâ€™re introduced to a number of Jocelynâ€™s friends, who werenâ€™t mourning Jocelynâ€™s dog Pridey so much as showing their support. Sylvia (Amy Brenneman), whoâ€™s on the kinder cusp of middle age, enjoys a comfortable if not especially electrifying marriage to Daniel (Jimmy Smits); Allegra (Maggie Grace) is their pretty, high-spirited, lesbian daughter; and Bernadette (Kathy Baker) is one of those closer-to-the-other-end-of-middle-aged women whose funky glasses/bad haircut brand of wackiness manages to charm despite its contrivance.
At dinner one night shortly after the service, Daniel announces to Sylvia that the flame at the core of their marriage has dissipated. Furthermore, he explains, because heâ€™s a man who needs passion, heâ€™s been seeing another woman. Sylviaâ€™s anger at his digression is trumped only by her surprise. Over the course of one dinner, her entire life as she knows it has collapsed. In an effort to alleviate her woes, Jocelyn, Bernadette, and Allegra rally to her side, cooking up a book club in which theyâ€™ll only read Jane Austen novels over the course of the next six months. Also joining are a couple of companions they pick up along the way, namely Prudie (Emily Blunt), an uptight French teacher with a Louise Brooks haircut and a barely concealed ache, and Grigg (Hugh Dancy), an eager sci-fi geek willing to trade light sabers for literature in an attempt to woo the obstinate Jocelyn.
At this juncture, the film has been breezily charming and humble, if not exceptional. The actresses, though uniformly attractive, appear refreshingly unpolished. Brenneman injects Sylvia with a sorrowful resilience thatâ€™s hard to resist; Bello once again proves lovely; Dancy is charming; and even broader portraits, like Bakerâ€™s, feel truly lived-in. The NoCal aesthetic furnishes a subtle commentary about the corporate conventionality of contemporary American life. Contrary to the fertile settings they read about in Austen, their prefab environsâ€”from Starbucks to SUVs to monolithic exurban developments to malfunctioning parking metersâ€”cement their confinement, rather than alleviate it. We start to settle in.
Then comes another canine cutaway. This oneâ€™s the cinematic equivalent of one of those wink/nod/nudge combos. Grigg and Jocelyn are sparring over their differing interpretations of Austen. Their exchange accumulates considerable sexual tension. Then, just as the teakettle is about to whistle, so to speak, the camera cuts from their heated spat to a reaction shot...of a dog making a funny face. Ba dum bum.
Other such egregious moments are strewn throughout. Nearly every time the viewer is tempted to invest in a scene, an abrupt tonal turnabout occurs. Another example: the kinetic sexual energy between Jocelyn and Grigg has been building over the course of the whole film. However, the moment they finally begin to consummate their relationship, the camera drifts away from their bodies, coming to rest on a toy robot. The sceneâ€™s charge instantly evaporates. Then thereâ€™s Prudieâ€™s plotline, which may boast the most blatant dalliance into superficial whimsy. The confines of Prudieâ€™s unhappy marriage have brought her to the brink, which in her case consists of meeting a particularly lascivious high school boy in a motel parking lot. One lonely intersection separates her from her potential mister. Sheâ€™s facing the point of no return, and if we care about the character and if the movie matters, in any larger sense, itâ€™s an intense moment. Just as sheâ€™s about to cross, the camera cuts to the traffic light. The signalâ€™s large, blinking letters emblazon the words â€śWHAT WOULD JANE DO?â€ť across the frame. Possible profundity has yielded to prank yet again.
The Austen book that plays the most essential role in the film is Persuasion. Two of the filmâ€™s central reunions hinge on readings of this, her final novel and arguably her masterpiece. Harold Bloom once captured something essential about Austenâ€™s achievement when he suggested that, despite its traditionally happy ending, Persuasion always leaves the reader with a palpable sense of sadness. Such sadness, he suggests, emerges from the novelâ€™s overall â€śsomberness.â€ť That quality, which runs throughout all of Austenâ€™s books, is what so many of the myriad modern interpretations of Austen sorely lack, and The Jane Austen Book Club is no exception.
Furthermore, if the trivial â€śWhat Would Jane Do?â€ť tactic is turned back to its source, we grow even more baffled. Even casual Austen fans know that letters often play prominent roles in her narratives, most remarkably in Persuasion. (Even those who donâ€™t know are told over the course of this film). Two letters figure into The Jane Austen Book Clubâ€™s story: the first is from a publisher to Allegraâ€™s girlfriend that reveals that the latter has been passing off Allegraâ€™s stories as her own. Itâ€™s not unimportant to the larger plot, but itâ€™s not particularly essential, either. Nevertheless, we hear it delivered, in its entirety, in a voice over by the publisher (a character whom we otherwise do not encounter). The second letter comes somewhat later. Inspired by Persuasion and encouraged by Bernadette, Daniel writes a letter to Sylvia, assumedly proclaiming his love and pleading with her to take him back. Sylviaâ€™s receipt of this letter is arguably the climax of the picture, but we hear nary a peep. What Jane would never, ever do is inexplicably gloss over the premier point of the narrative.
Despite its literary ambition, The Jane Austen Book Club isnâ€™t, finally, that different from many of its mass-market sisters. Itâ€™s polished, pretty, and at least passably intelligent. But the filmâ€™s repeated unwillingness to confront complex, messy, and profound emotions, coupled with its hankering for easy resolutions, sabotages its potential significance. What could have been an appealing and insightful look at female self-identification in contemporary America instead becomes what Jane Austenâ€™s heroines liked least of allâ€”another pretty face expecting, rather than earning, her happily ever after.